In this article, we will introduce you several must-know regarding raising guinea pigs, the eating habits of guinea pigs and how to take care of guinea pigs daily and weekly!
Living habits of guinea pigs
Guinea pigs are not nocturnal animals. They are usually active in the early morning and evening, with sleeping hours at around 10 hours.
According to my own feeding experience, their living habits change according to that of human beings. Often, before I get up in the morning, the guinea pigs will start calling me to feed them. I am used to playing with it before going to bed. The guinea pig was also very energetic during that time.
Guinea pig lifespan
The average lifespan of guinea pigs is 4-8 years, because it is not easy for guinea pigs to adapt to the new environment. Avoid frequent moving or working abroad... etc., and make sure that they can afford the cost of raising guinea pigs during these 4-8 years. The cost and frequency of seeing a doctor after old age will become higher and higher.
The cage where the guinea pig lives must be at least 68cm x 105cm (approximately 0.7m²) in size, so make sure that there is enough space and space for the cage in the home.
The size of the guinea pig
The guinea pig is not a petite hamster. It is about the size of a fist one week after birth. They grow very fast, normally twice its size after one month. The adult guinea pig grows to about 30 cm in length, so the guinea pig needs it. The living space will be relatively large.
Basic care of guinea pigs
Guinea pigs do not clean up their environment like humans do, so we need to help them clean up their environment every day and keep their bodies clean every week.
The basic tasks that I have to do for guinea pigs every day are the following 5 points:
- Change food and pasture
- Change drinking water, wash bottles
- Clean the potty
- Accompanying guinea pigs
- Guinea Pigs Exercising
Change food and pasture
The food and forages are changed every day because guinea pigs may contaminate the food and forages throughout the day. They do not eat dirty food, and fresh fruits and vegetables will deteriorate after being left for a period of time. Therefore, the food and forages should be replaced with new ones every day. .
I myself am used to feeding food once in the morning and evening to ensure that the food will not stay in the cage for more than half a day, and it is less likely to breed fruit flies.
Change drinking water, wash bottles
When guinea pigs drink water, feed, forage and other residues may get into the water. The water will become dirty. The dirty water guinea pigs don’t like to drink. If you use a roll-on water bottle, although the water will not get dirty, the water will remain in the water for a long time. Moss will also grow in the bottle, so it is recommended to clean the drinking bottle and replace with new water every day.
Clean the potty
Guinea pigs excrete a lot. Although they are herbivores, their feces still have a taste. Moreover, guinea pigs’ feces retain nutrients and attract small insects. For the guinea pig’s living environment and home environment, the potty must be cleaned every day!
Accompanying guinea pigs
Guinea pigs are social animals and they need to be accompanied. If you only raise one guinea pig like me, they will rely more on humans without a companion. Therefore, it takes more time to touch the guinea pigs and play with them, so that they will be vigorous and open. Living happily every day ~ and being with you often can also make the guinea pigs get closer to the owner.
Taking Guinea pigs out
Guinea pigs stay in the cage all day and cannot exercise properly. You will often see guinea pigs lying down and resting, but be careful that this will cause the guinea pigs to become obese. So let the guinea pigs move outside the cage every day. It is recommended that at least 30 minutes a day , Let them exercise away from obesity to avoid illness!
In addition to the daily care that should be done every day, it is recommended to spend more time on the weekly holidays to help the guinea pigs organize their appearance and environment.
There are 2 things to do for guinea pigs in the weekly care:
- Cutting nails
- Cleaning the mat
Guinea pig’s nails are too long, which will cause them to walk inconveniently and may also be injured. Because guinea pig’s nails have blood vessels and blood vessels will grow and grow with the nails. Therefore, guinea pigs’ nails need to be cut regularly. It is recommended to check the length every week. Pruning, the growth rate of each guinea pig's nails is different, about 2-3 weeks.
Cleaning the mat
The guinea pig will excrete every day. If the guinea pig does not defecate in the potty like a flower, it will directly defecate on the foot pad. Although there are holes in the foot pad, it will fall into the potty under the cage, but the stool will still be stuck on the mat, so it is recommended Pick up and clean the mat every week to avoid breeding fruit flies.