Understanding your cat's health through vomit

Understanding your cat's health through vomit
In the process of living with cats, cats often encounter vomiting. After all, cats have a fairly developed vomiting center, and it is easy to trigger vomiting due to various conditions.
For parents of novice cats, when they suddenly hear the cat's "grunting..." retching, the heart may jump out of fright; while parents of veteran cats may be observing what they are vomiting, and then decide to take them to the animal hospital for examination. , It’s better to clean up silently.

Understanding the cat's vomit message

There are many reasons that cause cats to vomit. We can judge from the contents of cats vomiting: What is "physiological vomiting"? What is "pathological vomiting"?

【Physiological Vomiting】

Gastric juice mixed hair

This is the most common vomit of cats (especially now in the moulting season!), it may be a small amount of hair mixed with gastric juice, or a whole tuft of hair.
Whether long-haired cats or short-haired cats, they will eat their hair when licking and taking care of themselves. They accumulate in the esophagus or digestive tract and cannot be eliminated, so they will vomit to expel the hair bulbs.
Although it is a normal phenomenon, if the hair accumulates for a long time without proper discharge, it will eventually develop into "hairball syndrome".
It is best to comb the waste hair every day to reduce the amount of hair that the cat licks; and regular feeding of hair cream, hair removal powder, or adding cat grass, pumpkin puree and other cellulose-rich things to the food can help the stomach and intestines. Peristalsis, and then discharge the hair ball.
(※Extended reading: Love clean but get sick? Cats are susceptible to hair bulb disease when changing seasons)

Gastric juice (with white bubbles)

Stomach juice is a viscous, transparent liquid, usually with white foam. It may be caused by too long an empty stomach or excessive secretion of gastric acid; sometimes the vomiting is too violent, and it will be spit out together with yellow bile.
It is recommended to change to small and frequent meals to shorten the meal interval and allow the cat to maintain normal gastric secretion.

Completely undigested food

The original food (meat pieces, feed) is clearly visible, and most of the reason is indigestion caused by eating too fast.
You can change to a slow food bowl to slow down your cat's eating speed, or you can try to eat a small amount of meals.

Undigested food

It can happen because of a wide range of reasons: eating too fast and too much, heavy burden on the stomach and indigestion; running and jumping and other strenuous exercises after eating; changing new foods, gastrointestinal inadaptability; food is not fresh or food allergies, etc., all of which are vomiting may.
You can change to small pellets of cat food first, or change the ingredients to see if the situation improves; now that the temperature is gradually rising, you should pay more attention to feeding (especially fresh or wet food), if you don’t eat it within two hours, Put it away first to prevent the food from spoiling.

foreign body

Many cats have pica (one of the biggest headaches for many cat parents), and have an inextricable obsession with plastic bags, craftsmanship, wool, plants and other items. Most of these foreign objects cannot be digested, and they may even get stuck. In the digestive tract.
Some items may cause serious bowel obstruction, and some plants may even cause cat poisoning. You must be careful.
When a cat vomits a foreign body, it may only spit out a small part, and there is still a foreign body accumulation in the body; or see the cat vomiting but cannot vomit, it may mean that the foreign body has blocked the digestive tract; some foreign bodies may even absorb gastric juice and expand, hindering The operation of the digestive tract causes frequent vomiting or constipation in the cat. You need to take it to the animal hospital for examination to see if it needs surgery to remove the foreign body.
Of course, the best solution is to clean up the environment, especially the things they like to bite!

【Pathological Vomiting】

Parasitic infection

When cats are infected with parasites, they sometimes cause vomiting (taenia, roundworms, whipworms, hookworms, etc.). The body and eggs of the parasites will lurch in the digestive tract, and sometimes they may even spit out "white translucent threads". Parasites", and may be accompanied by diarrhea, listlessness, abdominal swelling, weight loss, etc.
When you see parasites in the cat's vomit, it means that there are a certain number of parasites in the digestive tract, and you must seek medical treatment immediately for internal and external deworming; if you are a multi-cat family, remember to isolate it. (※Extended reading: Encyclopedia of common cat internal parasites)

Vomit with blood

In general, vomitus is bloody, which is usually caused by gastrointestinal ulcers or internal bleeding, or if the ingested foreign body is too sharp, it can also cause bleeding due to damage to the esophagus or digestive tract; it may be due to excessive vomiting, which causes gastrointestinal mucosal damage and bleeding . But no matter what the reason, medical assistance must be sought as soon as possible.
Observing the vomit is only the first step. Cat parents usually fall into the gray area of "should you take your cat to the animal hospital". Therefore, besides judging from the content of the vomit, you can also observe the cat's "Does the cat continue to vomit?" "Mental Condition", "appetite" and "poo pattern", etc.

In Conclusion

There are hundreds of causes of cat vomiting, and the degree of damage to health can be large or small. Don’t just think that vomiting must be a digestive tract problem, including kidney damage, abnormal liver and gallbladder function, endocrine disorders, tumors, and even brain problems. It may be the cause of the cat's vomiting.
If you find that the vomiting is too frequent, the vomiting is obvious, the appetite becomes poor, or the weight loss continues, it is recommended that you still need to go to the animal hospital and ask a professional veterinarian to make a detailed diagnosis for the cat!