If the cat you adopted is very afraid of people, has been raised for a long time, often hides & dare not approach you, caught the cat who is afraid of people and stray cats... Please refer to this cat training method to make the cat more relative; we also recommend the one that we admire very much Loving parents, loving moms, come and see!
【important! Don't use the common practice method of wearing gloves and forcibly touching cats on the Internet! 】Currently, the cat training methods that are circulating in the market are based on "wearing thick gloves to touch the cat", with different process methods as the cat training method. However, this method will make cats who are already very afraid of humans have a greater sense of fear and deepen the shadow; it may also give up resistance because of extreme fear, creating the illusion of successful personal training that "cats seem to be behaved and not afraid of people". Or become more afraid of people, more fierce and fail in personal training. So what method is needed to "pro-train" correctly? This Meow Weekly is based on the ISFM cat behavior course materials and the experience of the cat talk club, to complete this article: a positive, non-forced, friendly and pro-training method that follows the cat’s pace, so that you can use a better way to talk to the cat Practice!
The concept of gradual pro-training based on cat behavior
For cats, the most important thing is "survival safety" = "territory" = "place to live". When a cat arrives in an unfamiliar environment and there are strangers, it will cause the cat to have a strong sense of insecurity and fear, and feel that he is In an unsafe situation. Therefore, if you want to make cats feel at ease, adapt to the environment or people, you should follow cat behavior as the criterion, and follow the characteristics of the cat species and an acceptable way.
Therefore, the first thing to do is to "establish an environment where cats can feel at ease." Firstly, with minimal interruption, let the cat adapt to the environment, and then follow the "progress acceptable to the cat". The method of positive connection" slowly reduces the fear of humans, accepting that living with humans is harmless, safe, and even a little happy!
In this new way, instead of traditional research on cats, the compulsive method, which can only be accumulated and explored based on past experience, is a more effective and more effective method to maintain the health and welfare of cats.
Why not recommend the personal training method of "closing the cage / wrapping towels to prevent escape + touching"?
This method has been in practice for many years. At present, almost all friends we searched on the Internet or actually trained by ourselves use this method. The main reason is that cat behavior is not well developed in the past, and there is little information. But I really hope that cats can accept to get along with humans instead of wandering hard on the street, so they can only rely on their own exploration or the personal training methods passed down by previous experience.
This kind of operation method may be slightly different, but the concept is: keep the cat in the cage + wear thick gloves to touch the cat (hope to let the cat get used to humans & human touch), some will add snacks to hope to establish a positive direction Link; or do not close the cage, but wrap the cat with a towel + force to touch the cat + snacks. This concept is also very similar to what everyone often says: you have to force a kitten to touch and hold him all the time, so that he will get used to being touched and hugged.
But in fact, no matter which method is used, it is used to "restrict the cat's actions, ignore the cat's wishes, and force it." The purpose is: to make the cat scared and give up struggling, but the result is very inhumane and harm the cat’s welfare and health!
Just think about it, if a stranger takes you to a strange space, locks you up or binds you up, forces you to touch you, but gives you delicious food... and the stranger is still not a human being, but An alien who you don’t understand language, personality, or habits at all (although this alien loves you very much and wants to take good care of you)! Doesn't it sound super scary!
In this way, only a very small number of cats can be truly "tamed", but in fact, most cats may become more aggressive and fearful of people; or although they are not aggressive or attacking people, they are actually at One: I don’t seem to be able to fight back anymore. I can only give up struggling, or just pretend to be deaf and mute and shut down (learned helpless).
Therefore, we highly recommend using a new method for cat training. We also hope that everyone can help to promote this kind of "the physical and mental health of the cat is the priority and the real and effective method", so that more caring caregivers & cats Can get even greater help!
Friendly "Cat Family Training" 3+1 stage
We will split the pro-training into 3 stages, and the fourth stage is the advanced care method that is recommended to practice after the pro-training is completed. With this method of training, most cats are slow at first glance, but in the end, they start their relatives sooner and will be in a more secure state.
The principle of all desensitization exercises is: divide the goal into very small steps, and each action is matched with her favorite snack reward, so that the cat can slowly accept and like it. This method will also be used in a lot of exercises, please remember!
Phase 1: Set up the environment, establish a sense of security for the cat, and guard the role of the tool person who cleans the litter + feeding
The first thing to do is to create an environment where the cat can live in peace. The most recommended is "Prepare a room: an exclusive room that will not be disturbed by other people"; if there is really no room available, the second choice is "3 Layer cage + opaque cloth that can be completely covered to serve as a living space." Whether you let your cat live in an empty room or a three-tiered cage, you must pay attention to the following 4 key points:
- Environmental settings: food, cat litter, and water must be placed "separately" and "distance between all three parties".
- Several hiding places: cats have a very strong need for hiding, and they will also prepare a few hiding places that they feel safe, so you must prepare a few hiding places that can completely hide the cat from being seen . It is recommended to use cartons, out cages, cloth square boxes, wardrobes, etc. for comprehensive use.
- Strictly implement the situation when the cat does not exist: In order to create an environment where the cat feels safe, at the beginning, you must make the cat feel that you are just a harmless passerby who has not found him. So please treat yourself as a tool for serving food and cleaning cat litter, and strictly implement the three super important principles-no cats, no cats, and no cats.
- Wait patiently: At this stage, it is recommended to wait at least 2-4 weeks, and then see if the conditions for graduation at this stage are reached, if possible, move on to the next stage, if not, please wait slowly. And at this stage, if the cat comes out when you enter the room, please continue to pretend that it does not exist, never look at him, and avoid eye contact, because this is an offense to the cat. Unless you have determined that you have reached the graduation requirements, you can perform the second stage of practice, otherwise don't rush to think that this stage is over!
How long does it take to train to graduate from this stage?
It is recommended to observe the cat’s condition for at least 2-4 weeks. If “the cat is willing to come out on its own, and feels safe outside, most of the time no longer hides”, then the next stage of practice can be performed; if the cat is more than 4 weeks away, he still hides , Please continue to stop at this stage until graduation conditions appear.
Phase 2: "Distance desensitization exercise" step by step
This stage is mainly to practice shortening the distance between the cat and the person, but you must slowly get closer from a distance, little by little, and don't get too close at once, so as not to break the trust that has been built up, and become a need. Go back to the first stage of practice (standard eating quickly break the bowl, cry).
At this stage, the main practice is to let the cat reduce the negative feelings of human beings approaching him, the virtue of "please keep not touching the cat", and give the cat the initiative of approaching! Please pay attention to the following 6 key points in the practice method:
Set the distance goal that the cat is more likely to reach:
The initial distance should be implemented with a loose standard. The main goal is to allow the cat to be rewarded. So at the beginning, you can set it up: when the cat takes the initiative to approach 300 cm, gently throw the reward snacks for the cat to eat! This is to encourage the cat to continue to approach by providing a positive connection reward through the cat's initiative to come closer.
When the cat has steadily approached the distance progress of your current practice, you can switch to the next practice distance target, such as: the cat actively approaches 300 cm, and becomes rewarded when the cat actively approaches 280 cm, and so on.
Key points of operation: 1. Do not stare at the cat all the time. 2. When throwing snacks from a distance, please be "gentle and small" so that the cat will not be scared!
When the distance between you and cat is only 40-50 cm:
At this time, you can gradually shorten the distance between you and the cat. You can choose to put snacks by hand or with a long spoon. Try starting from a distance of 50 cm. When the cats show a state of genuine acceptance, move closer to about 3-5 cm (50 cm becomes 45-47 cm). If the cat has negative behavior, it means that you are too close, but he cannot accept such a distance! Then you must step back quickly, don't try to shorten the distance, and stay patiently at the last distance to practice a few times.
Negative behaviors: curling up, distracting, pressing ears, breathing, whispering, claws out
Reward with Snacks loved by cats
Please don't give cats what we consider as healthy, but cats just don't love! You must use the snacks they like very much to have the reward effect.
The number of distance desensitization exercises:
No fixed time is required, and distance desensitization training such as the placement of snacks can be performed "several times" every day. The number of times is based on the principle of "not causing cat tension".
Take your time, be patient:
Please remember to spend more time and slowly reduce the distance, the progress afterwards will be the fastest! Because if you want to catch up and shorten the distance faster than the cat can tolerate, it is very likely that the cat will not accept it and collapse. At this time, you must return to the first stage of practice. On the contrary, the overall progress will fall back and it will take longer. To complete.
[Important] This progress should last "intentionally" for several days for the memory to endure:
When the progress reaches "the cat is willing to eat the snacks placed in your hands immediately", please stop at this progress for "a few days". Because the next practice of "touching" with more intense stimulation, you must let the cat accept your hand-feeding reliably, truly, and comfortably, and it will become a "memory point" that he can accept. In this way, if the subsequent progress is improperly grasped and the cat is scared, you can return to this memory point and start practicing. If you don't set this memory point, you may have to go back to a more previous progress, a greater distance, and practice again.
How long does it take to train to graduate from this stage?
When the cat is really able to feed you by hand, you can graduate from this stage and proceed to the next stage of practice. But again, you can spend a few more days in the step of letting the cat eat the snacks in your hand to save your memory. , In case there is a mistake in stage 3, you can go back to this progress and practice again! (It's very important, so repeat it twice)
Stage 3: "Touch desensitization exercises" that slowly increase little by little
It's finally the stage where you can touch the cat, but again, you need to proceed slowly, gently, and gently. If you accidentally frighten the cat, please go back to the memory point of the second stage and start practicing.
The order of touching the cat’s body parts is as follows. For training methods, please see the following 3 points:
First, gently touch the cat's cheek with your fingers, and immediately give snacks, repeat several times until the cat can accept it.
Then increase your strength to touch, give snacks, and repeat several times until it is acceptable. After there is no problem, please follow this method to practice other parts in order: chin ok> front ear ok> top of head ok> behind ear.
Note: Please use this step for several days. Slowly and gradually, let the cat begin to get used to & accept the feeling of being touched by humans; also remember that every touch should be accompanied by snacks!
When the cat shows that it can really accept you to touch his head, then start to practice touching his neck.
The order after all is: back, the back in front of the tail. Remember to make one part OK before you can touch the next part!
For those who use the three-layer cage for personal training, you can now open the cage door at this stage to let the cat freely choose whether to live in the cage or the room!
Please remember: Please keep the items in the cage as they are, but also put a set of "food utensils, water, cat litter, and several hiding places" outside the cage, but please also remember not to stare at the cat, this pair of cats are coming It is a symbol of threat.
Special attention: Please do not move these items of the cat, because for them, it is an important resource for survival. If they are moved or even disappeared, they may lose their sense of security. So don’t move around at will!
How long does it take to train to graduate from this stage?
Basically, when the progress of this stage is completed slowly, the cat will show a state of relaxation and trust in humans, and congratulate you on completing the cat training (moved and crying, clap your hands! I really respect and admire you Hard work and perseverance). The fourth stage is an additional advanced daily care training method.
Stage 4: Advanced topic for pro-training-daily nursing practice
Congratulations, you have accompany the cat through the pro-training exercise! The next step is to slowly practice the content of daily care. You can also refer to our video articles on clicker training, tooth brushing exercises, and medicine feeding exercises. We will also shoot videos and write articles after the nail cutting instruction. Please wait for us~ But these cats hate caring behaviors will also be use reduction The concept of sensibility, as long as the target action is broken into many small steps, and each action is matched with a snack reward, it is fine!
Any caring behavior must be completed through desensitization training. Never hold the cat hard, hard scissors, hard brush teeth, or stuffed into the laundry net to force break; also can not stealthily cut while the cat is sleeping, or When the cat is not paying attention, stealing, holding and not giving away... All the above methods that do not pass the will of the cat and force the score will "make the cat lose its sense of security" and think this environment/human being is unpredictable and a bit dangerous. It will also stress the cat, so please never do this!
The method of "forcing the cat to face the pressure he hates and hoping that the cat will accept it", I will classify him in the flood law. In the ISFM cat behavior course, there is also a special mention: The flood method is quite inhumane and endangering the health of cats. At the end of practicing in this way, if the cat shows a state of acceptance, most of it is not really successful, but makes the cat enter a state of "learned helplessness", that is, the cat feels that no matter how hard he tries, he cannot escape , So he can only learn to accept and not struggle, even if he is given a path or possibility to escape, he will give up, because he has fallen into this unhealthy thinking that does not want to work hard for help.
Therefore, I really hope that you can work together to help promote this positive, non-forced cat training method, so that more people and cats can benefit together. Let the past way stay in the past and live with the cat in a new way~